What is Orthodontics?
Orthodontics is the straightening of crooked, protruding, or misaligned teeth through the use of braces (wires and brackets) or appliances so that they can look, feel, and function better. Gentle pressure is placed on the teeth so that they slowly move into the right place over a number of months or years.
If you are interested in finding out about orthodontics for yourself or your child, please call our office to set up a consultation visit with one of our consultant orthodontists. If you are a good candidate for treatment, we can proceed with taking the appropriate models, x-rays, and photographs for you.
Reasons Why You May Need Orthodontics
Many adults and children choose to have orthodontic work done for aesthetics, they are just not happy with the appearance of their teeth. They may be experiencing crowding, crooked teeth, an over bite, an open bite, an under bite, or too much space in between teeth. A number of other factors may affect the size and position of your teeth and jaw and require orthodontic therapy to correct them:
Problems like crowded teeth may run in your family.
You may have a habit that affects how your teeth have erupted in your mouth, such as thumb sucking or mouth breathing.
3. Missing Teeth
You may have lost a tooth (or teeth) prematurely and as a result your teeth have moved or shifted out of their normal eruption pattern.
Crowded or crooked teeth are harder to clean and tend to trap plaque and bacteria in between them. This causes cavities to develop, gum disease to worsen, and teeth to stain. Teeth that stick out or protrude are more likely to chip or break. When teeth do not line up properly, it makes biting and chewing your food more difficult, and can cause some teeth to wear down quickly. An improper bite can also contribute to muscle and jaw tension, and cause clicking, and sometimes painful joints. These are all reasons why straightening teeth is important.
How is Orthodontic Therapy Done?
Removable appliances are not as precise as braces, which is why they are only used to move one tooth or a small group of teeth. We have used appliance therapy on many children and a few adults with minimal misalignment of their teeth. Patients are required to wear their appliance all the time during therapy and come in for regular observation and adjustment visits. Therapy can take anywhere from 6-18 months.
Our consultant orthodontist can screen your child as early as age seven to see if they may require braces in the future. Sometimes he may choose to have your child wear an appliance before all the adult teeth come in to improve eruption patterns and jaw alignment. This is called "Interceptive Orthodontics". Children may or may not require braces after wearing the appliance; it just depends on the complexity of the case and the growth pattern of your child's teeth and jaw. Modern technology with myobraces may involve interceptive treatment starting as young as 3.
Most often the choice of treatment is braces. Treatment time lasts anywhere from 1-2 years, depending on what our consultant orthodontist is treating. Prices of treatment vary depending on the complexity of the case and years that you will be in braces. Patients are required to come in for regular observation and adjustment visits and maintain excellent oral hygiene care at home.
There are a variety of colours of brackets, wires, and elastics, and you can talk to our consultant orthodontist about which ones are right for you. You may like glow in the dark, cosmetic ceramic, or bold gold. With the use of new copper NiTi wires, our consultant orthodontist can move teeth in a more gentle manner than years ago. This means teeth are less sensitive after adjustments and while they are shifting position in your mouth.
Comfortable and difficult to see highly recommended for adults We have made a complete section for Invisalign. Please check in services to read more.
Retainers help keep teeth in the right place after you have completed braces or appliance therapy. Removable retainers are sometimes made of a pink coloured acrylic material and attach to your teeth like an appliance would. Other removable retainers are similar to Invisalign aligners and are almost invisible. Some patients are required to wear these all the time, while others only have to wear them at night while they sleep. Fixed retainers are a wire that is attached to the inside of your teeth permanently. Having a fixed wire, makes flossing difficult, and requires extra care and time with cleaning.
Headgear is used to guide the direction of the tooth movement and/or jaw growth in someone who is still growing. Headgear may be worn before braces are applied, or during any part of orthodontic treatment. There are a few different types of headgear. The patient inserts the headgear themselves in most circumstances, wears it during the evening and at night. Modern advances sometimes allow special implants to be used instead of headgear.
Microimpants are a miniature screw that is placed in the jaw to serve as an anchor for moving specific teeth in a very controlled way. They can eliminate or reduce the use of headgear, springs and elastics and promote faster and more efficient treatment than conventional appliances.
The microimplant is made of Titanium and is placed under topical and/or local anesthesia. Insertion or removal of microimplants is almost painless
Our consultant orthodontist may request that teeth be removed prior to starting orthodontics if they are crowded, badly out of position, or wisdom teeth.
Jaw surgery (orthognathic surgery) may be required when there are major differences in the size or position of your upper and lower jaws. It will help the upper and lower jaw to line up. You would need to be referred to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon for these procedures.
It is very important to continue to see your regular dentist for consultations and professional teeth cleaning. It is much better to prevent dental disease or treat it early. The Orthodontist does not do a dental examination to check the health of your teeth. Orthodontic treatment does take time to complete, and in some cases, minor treatments may be needed later to correct small changes in tooth position. Treatment involves a time commitment from patients and in general, adults take longer to treat than children or teenagers. Treatment can range from 6 months to even 2 years in some cases. Patients are required to come in regularly for maintenance visits every 4-6 weeks with the orthodontist. Brushing and flossing do take longer to complete, and are even more important because food gets stuck around the brackets and can cause decay and decalcification quickly. Patients should have professional cleaning done more frequently as well. Your diet needs to change too in order to prevent the brackets from breaking off. Patients are recommended to stay away from chewing ice cubes, nuts, chewing pens and pencils, sticky foods, foods high in sugar, gum, toffee, and beef jerky. Orthodontics is a big commitment, but it has a lifelong result!